|Italian army on Ethiopia|
The video has been purchased by RAI, which has held its own, without ever putting it on the air.
Only after 18 years after its construction was broadcast in the Italian version of the History Channel.
The film documents the atrocities of fascism against colonial peoples of Ethiopia and against the peoples of Yugoslavia.
It is also an indictment of too many omissions and complicity that allowed the perpetrators of these crimes not be prosecuted, while many German Nazis and Japanese were tried and convicted as war criminals, there were no trials of Italian Fascist or official.
In 1984 the American historian Michael Palumbo,
during His archival research in Britain, he discovered a large number of files relating to war crimes committed by the Italians in Abyssinia, Libya, Yugoslavia: from executions with photos smiling with the performer holding the decapitated head by the hair, the use of poison gas for mass murder, bombings of the Red Cross camps, to mass murder to intimidate, deportations, concentration camps, torture all levels. Nothing is missing.
How not to miss the documentation of how the British and U.S. governments strove to pander to the wishes of the postwar Italian governments in an attempt (failed) to put to rest all questions of opportunity for (the communist threat, etc.).
For those interested in exploring the issues of war crimes Italian literature suggest the following:
Borgomaneri Louis (ed.), War Crimes, published by Angelo Guerini e Associati, Milan, 2006.
Charles Capogreco Spartacus, The fields of the leader, Julius Einuadi publisher, Turin, 2006. Angelo Del Boca, "Italians, good people?" Blacks Pozza publisher, Vicenza, 2005. Costantino Di Sante, "Italian without honor," Shadows Editions court, Verona, 2005.
Rodogno David, "The New Mediterranean Order," Basic Books publisher, Turin, 2006
Another case of censorship in Italy is that the film "Lion of the Desert" (The Lion of the Desert) by Moustapha Akkad (USA - LIBYA 1980) with Anthony Quinn in the role of resistance leader Omar Mukhtar, Oliver Reed in the role of General Graziani, Rod Steiger in the role of Mussolini, a role previously held by him in a film by Carlo Lizzani. The cast also includes Irene Papas, Raf Vallone, Lino Capolicchio and Claudio Gora.
In fact, distributed in the U.S. in 1980 and two years later in Europe, has not had in Italy, despite the debate over the press, no distribution, following a veto by then-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Raffaele Costa, the Italian Liberal Party., it was considered detrimental to the honor of the army. The only official screening took place in 1988 at the festival Riminicinema
Historical film on the resistance of the Libyan population the brutal regime of fascist occupation. The film combines the fidelity of the spectacular historical reconstruction of the shooting, entrusting the interpretation of some famous faces to film
The film was shot in Libyan desert and Rome, outdoors and in studios Cinecittà
The film tells the crucial phase of the Italian invasion of Libya's repression of the resistance. Faced with the resistance led by Elder Omar Muhktar, Mussolini sends in Libya in 1929, General Rodolfo Graziani. They quickly realize that it is impossible to eradicate the insurgency until it is supported by the population. Then proceeds to a ruthless crackdown, destroying crops and poisoning wells, undergoing decimation of entire villages, to implement the deportation of the entire population of the Jebel, about 100,000 people, one-eighth of the entire Libyan population in concentration camps in Sirtica desert (where it will be lost around 40%). Faced with continued resistance to isolate it further, he erected a "second Hadrian's Wall" along the Egyptian border, a barrier of barbed wire guarded by trucks and aircraft, which extends for 270 km from the coast to the oasis of Giarabub . Omar Mukhtar finally captured, after a summary trial on September 15, 1931 does hang in front of 20,000 people leaked from the concentration camps.
"Never before this film but also the nobility of the horrors of guerrilla warfare have been expressed so memorable, so impressive in scenes of battle, never the injustice of colonialism has been denounced so strongly ... Who judges this film with the criterion historical reliability can not but admire the breadth of research that has overseen the reconstruction. " (Denis Mack Smith, "New Cinema", in February 1982.)
Below, the film in english version The Lyon of desert: