The first state in the world to abolish the death penalty was the Grand Duchy of Tuscany - in the heart of Italy - with the issue, November 30, 1786, the new penal code signed by the Duke Pietro Leopoldo, history said.
If we consider the abolition of capital punishment "de facto" status is the oldest abolitionist Republic of San Marino, as the last execution took place in 1468, but the formal and final abolition was established by law in 1865.
The reflection on the current criminal justice system, which included the death penalty, was stimulated by the publication, in 1764, the Treaty of Cesare Beccaria, "On Crimes and Punishments," in which the State argued that, as punishment for a crime he allegedly committed one in turn.
And the United States what they do?
Here you could start a very long speech, different cultures, I think it sums up the concept that more of this big difference, I believe that cultures should be near, here, have been the first country in the world to abolish the death penalty makes me feel proud to be Italian, I would be too great because we have a political class, but we are far from that.
The United States is a fundamental cultural provided for reference throughout the world and would be very nice, that one day, all over the U.S. death penalty was abolished.