04 gen 2015

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Castello Incantato Filippo Bentivegna's Enchanted Castle

Filippo Bentivegna (Sciacca, May 3, 1888 - Sciacca, 1 March 1967) was an Italian sculptor, star of the current Outsider Art (or Art Brut).

Without any artistic training, he realized thousands of sculptures materializing the "Enchanted Castle" at his farm in Sciacca (Sicily) today become an outdoor museum.

Filippo Bentivegna biography:

  • Filippo Bentivegna was born in Sciacca May 3, 1888 and of humble origins: his father was a fisherman, his mother a housewife.
  • In 1913 he emigrated to the United States, in the footsteps of his two older brothers and a sister. But in America suffered a serious head
    Castello Incantato Filippo Bentivegna's Enchanted Castle
    injury, having been struck by a blow on the head, which stunned him for several days, perhaps the work of a rival in love. Because of the blow he had amnesia and was no longer able to work, "considered unproductive and declared unfit for work was repatriated" (1919).
  • He returned to Italy after World War Bentivegna was considered a deserter and sentenced in absentia to three years in prison, so once back in order to carry out the sentence was subjected to a psychiatric examination. The inspection did not have any doubt in considering crazy, but it is not considered a danger to society was left free to buy a plot of land at the foot of Mount Kronio, where he retired realizing his "Enchanted Castle".

The artist Bentivegna

  • "I seek the Great Mother ... Inside the earth is the seed of man "(Filippo Bentivegna ")
  • In his feud Bentivegna, thanks to the limestone formations that filled the bottom, began to carve hundreds of human heads. Heads stacked, side by side and two-faced. Even her three dogs were fleeced and paintings on the sides with the heads . Consagra Peter wrote: "His work had a matrix mainly organic, physical, in an effort that did not broadcast any fatigue, no pleasure. He and stone were mirrored and struck together."
    SICILY SCIACCA Enchanted Castle
  • When the stones of his feud became scarce, "mastru Filippu" was built of stone quarries where extract more ductile also creating tunnels inside of his bottom. But in country Filippo Bentivegna was called "Philip heads" and "Philip the crazy", mocked by his fellow citizens for his bizarre attitude because pretended to be called Excellency because he thought to be the king of a kingdom.
  • The Swedish painter Lilieström who stayed in Sciacca in the fifties, through the creative cultural saccense met Filippo Bentivegna. The artist Lilieström greeted with kindness, even made him kneel down and hit him with the title of "dignitary of the court" [4]. Lilieström believed to be the source of a pure artist, primitive, so it is activated to organize the first and only exhibition of Filippo Bentivegna. In the hall of the former hotel Italy Sciacca exposure was a failure as an audience, but the exhibition did also increase the interest in the work of Bentivegna, arrived journalists and the artist crossed local boundaries.

The Enchanted Castle

  • Filippo Bentivegna died aged 79 on 1 March 1967. His work, for a long time, was abandoned; many works, left unattended, were destroyed, lost or subject to looting.
    Enchanted Castle SICILY SCIACCA
  • In 1968 he arrived in Sciacca an assistant to Jean Dubuffet, the artist and theorist of Art Brut, who wanted to see the presence of the true extent of primitive art of "crazy Sciacca". Contacted relatives, managed to visit the Enchanted Garden, even managing to get the heads of Philip to bring a gift to Dubuffet, who inserted them in his collection. Today those same heads are on display at the Museum of Art Brut in Lausanne, established in memory of Dubuffet.
  • The Enchanted Castle of Filippo Bentivegna, today is a  Property Fund of the Sicilian Region, is run by a cooperative culture; has been the subject of critical studies as significant works of the twentieth century.

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